Publication Ethics Statement


Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. The ZfmE supports the criteria established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.

It is crucial to avoid:

  • Conflicts of Interest:

Any conflict of interest must be declared at the time of submitting the manuscript. Economic or personal ties between authors and organizations can lead to a conflict of interest. The disclosure of such ties serves to objectify the process of the publication of articles. To obtain maximum transparency possible ties from the past 3 years are disclosed to the readers. Economic ties include membership on advisory boards, employment relationships, travel expense subsidies, professional fees, ownership of shares or interests, research subsidies or other third party funds. Personal ties exist among other things when ties to someone exists whose economic or intellectual interests are affected by the article (e.g., family ties, partnerships or personal relationships with representatives of an enterprise of the health industry).

  • Data fabrication and falsification:

Data fabrication means the researcher did not actually do the study, but faked the data. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data.

  • Plagiarism:

Taking the ideas and work of other scientists without giving them credit is unfair and dishonest. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered plagiarism.

  • Multiple submissions:

It is unethical to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. Doing this wastes the time of editors and peer reviewers, and can damage the reputation of the authors and the journals if published in more than one journal as the later publication will have to be retracted.

  • Redundant publications:

This means publishing many very similar manuscripts based on the same experiment. Combining your results into one very robust paper is more likely to be of interest to a selective journal.

  • Improper author contribution or attribution:

All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don’t forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians. Do not “gift” authorship to those who did not contribute to the paper. With the submission of the manuscript the corresponding author declares that all named co-authors contributed to the work and have agreed to its publication.

Special Requirements for Clinical Trials:
Authors should ensure that any research they publish was carried out according to the relevant internationally accepted guidelines e.g. the Declaration of Helsinki for clinical research ( In clinical or experimental studies with human participants, the study protocol must have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee. In the case of animal experiments, the appropriate animal protection regulations should be followed. All animal experiments must be carried out in accordance with the appropriate standards of animal care and welfare and must comply with the Animal Welfare Act.

Copyright Statement:
Authors should confirm that they hold all rights of use for every submitted figure and table. With the acceptance of the manuscript the copyright is transferred to the publisher. The author declares that he/she agrees to the editorial revision of the manuscript (including all images, illustrations, etc.). The editors retain the right to make any necessary changes or cuts to the manuscript after consultation with the author(s). The reproduction of articles or illustrations without prior written consent by the publisher is prohibited.