Perspektiven medizinischer Ethik
»Deontologija« eine besondere Seite der Ethik oder die Ethik der anderen Seite?
The term deontology played a central role in Soviet medicine after World War II. Due to its vagueness it represented a kind of cultural code. Deontology was an expression not only of social values but of certain positions of medical ethics and as such became politically exploited. On one hand it was meant to emphasize typical socialist values, e. g. solidarity and social spirit. On the other hand it was used as a demarcation against the medical ethics of the class enemy, presumed to be individualistic and doctor-centred. Traditional moral and ethical values and norms of Russian medicine e. g. self-sacrifice and selflessness were combined with the duties of medical staff to state and society to construct a term whose definition and further specification remained controversial. Nevertheless the contexts of its origin and the discussion about its interpretation contribute to a better understanding of the development of the specific ethical culture of a socialist system.Zum vollständigen Artikel | Artikel bestellen